Posted On: September 25, 2007

Expanding Digital Universe: A Forecast of Worldwide Information Growth Through 2010

EMC Corporation has sponsored a very ambitious, groundbreaking study that attempts for the first time to measure and forecast the amounts and types of digital information created and copied throughout the world, and whether it is generated by indivuals or buisnesses. The findings of this study could have significant implications for individuals, businesses, information professionals and society as a whole and thereby provide useful insights to librarians and other information professionals.

The basic findings of this Study have been summarized as follows:

The 2006 digital universe was 161 billion gigabytes (161 exabytes) in size.

IDC projects a six fold annual information growth from 2006 to 2010.

While nearly 70% of the digital universe will be generated by individuals by 2010, organizations will be responsible for the security, privacy, reliability and compliance of at least 85% of the information.

Images – Images, captured by more than 1 billion devices in the world, from digital cameras and camera phones to medical scanners and security cameras, comprise the largest component of the digital universe.

Digital Cameras – The number of images captured on consumer digital still cameras in 2006 exceeded 150 billion worldwide, while the number of images captured on cell phones hit almost 100 billion. IDC is forecasting the capture of more than 500 billion images by 2010.

Camcorders – Camcorder usage should double in total minutes of use between now and 2010.

E-mail – The number of e-mail mailboxes has grown from 253 million in 1998 to nearly 1.6 billion in 2006. During the same period, the number of e-mails sent grew three times faster than the number of people e-mailing; in 2006 just the e-mail traffic from one person to another – i.e., excluding spam – accounted for 6 exabytes.

Instant Messaging – There will be 250 million IM accounts by 2010, including consumer accounts from which business IMs are sent.

Broadband – Today over 60% of Internet users have access to broadband circuits, either at home, at work or at school.

Internet – In 1996 there were only 48 million people routinely using the Internet. The Worldwide Web was just two years old. By 2006, there were 1.1 billion users on the Internet. By 2010, IDC expects another 500 million users to come online.

Unstructured Data – Over 95% of the digital universe is unstructured data. In organizations, unstructured data accounts for more than 80% of all information.

Compliance and Security – Today, 20% of the digital universe is subject to compliance rules and standards and about 30% is potentially subject to security applications.

Classification – IDC estimates that today less than 10% of organizational information is “classified,” or ranked according to value. IDC expects the amount of classified data to grow better than 50% a year.

Emerging Economies – These now account for 10% of the digital universe but will grow 30-40% faster than mature economies.

For law librarians it would be interesting if in updated versions of this Study EMC Corporation could include factors related to the authentication of information in digital formats

Much of the data contained in this Study is highly revevant to librarians, especially those librarians and other administrators responsible for planning and policy development related to library organization, collection development (including virtual collections), and adapting library services to accodate emerging technologies.

To download either the complete paper or the executive summary, click here and select the appropriate file.


Posted On: September 25, 2007

Recent ABA Publications September 2007

In America's Constitution: A Biography, one of this era's most accomplished constitutional law scholars, Akhil Reed Amar, gives the first comprehensive account of one of the world's great political texts. Incisive, entertaining, and occasionally controversial, this "biography" of America's framing document explains not only what the Constitution says but also why the Constitution says it.

Law Makers, Law Breakers and Uncommon Trials

From the divine right of Charles I to the civil rights struggle of Rosa Parks, 25 non-fiction stories from the pages of Litigation provide a panorama of people whose actions helped form our legal system and our world. Constitution makers, Civil War enemies, Irish rebels, World War II Nazis, murder and passion, art and prejudice appear in this unique look at our legal history. Discover the back stories of landmark cases and enjoy the cross examination and trial skills of lawyers in top form. Each story is complete, but together they reveal the power of the past.

The United States Constitution - Mini-Pocket Black Leather

This 192-page mini-pocket-sized edition contains the complete United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and every constitutional amendment to the present day. Also included is an impressive array of documents, revealing the ideas, aspirations, and differing views of the founding fathers. These documents include The Declaration of Independence, The Virginia Bill of Rights, Massachusetts Bill of Rights, Articles of Confederation, Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom, The Annapolis Convention, plans to create a new national government by Edmund Randolf, William Patterson and Alexander Hamilton, and The Great Compromise.

Posted On: September 24, 2007

"Sarah's Love" : A Lawyer-Librarian's Novel

The New York Supreme Court Criminal Term Library has acquired many friends over the years: lawyers, librarians and other talented people who have helped us grow. Among their number is one William Stock, attorney and librarian, who did volunteer work here some years ago and still keeps in close touch. Bill has written a novel called "Sarah's Love" that is both everyday and yet unique. It is routine in that it is a story about lawyers; it is unique -to this writer's knowledge- in that it has no violence and does not involve criminal activity. Instead, it is a love story

A chapter of the story is offered today for your reading pleasure as well as your comments."

" It bears reiteration that this is a work of fiction; no actual person or institution is meant to be represented and any resemblance to one is coincidental."

CHAPTER VII
A few weeks after he and Sarah had parted on such good terms, Harry closed the firm at twelve noon on Wednesday, July 3rd and wished everyone a long happy holiday weekend. He stayed an hour later to do some paperwork and then Charlie drove him to his apartment to pick up Grace. Then they headed out to East Hampton on the south fork of eastern Long Island.
Twenty years ago, back when mere mortals could afford such things, Harry and Grace had bought a small cottage on a quiet street just a few minutes walk from the beach. As the years passed they were offered many times the purchase price for their home, and some entrepreneurs had even offered them larger houses in nearby towns together along with a wad of cash to get them to sell. But Harry and Grace always refused: this was their home, and they never wanted to leave it.
Harry and Grace headed out that weekend looking forward to four days of sailing, picnics and barbeques with friends and long walks under the stars at sunset.
But it didn’t work out that way.


Continue reading " "Sarah's Love" : A Lawyer-Librarian's Novel " »

Posted On: September 21, 2007

New Book: Sex Based Harassment: Workplace Policies for the Legal Profession

Published by the American Bar Association
Product Code: 4920039
Publication Date: July 2007
ISBN: 978-1-59031-871-3
Page Count: 50
Trim Size: 6 x 9 Paperback

About the Book:

"Sexual harassment remains a prevalent issue in the legal profession. Such harassment has serious implications for lawyers and legal employers, resulting in emotional, physical, and social consequences; lost productivity; increased turnover; impaired reputations; and greater risk of liability and litigation expenses."

"Growing awareness of these consequences underscores the need for effective policies and programs concerning sex-based harassment. Considerable progress has been made since the ABA Commission on Women in the Profession was founded in 1987, when only about a third of surveyed law firms had sexual harassment policies. But while more recent studies indicate that the vast majority of legal employers, including public sector and educational employers, now have such policies, not all of these policies are adequately designed or effectively implemented in practice. Almost three-quarters of women lawyers believe that harassment is a problem in their workplaces. Reported cases make clear that plainly abusive conduct continues to persist."

"The legal profession cannot expect to maintain public respect and credibility if it cannot ensure compliance with legal standards and equal opportunity in its own workplaces. Lawyers who engage in harassment impose costs upon their clients as well. Moral fitness is a condition precedent to becoming a lawyer and a requirement for the able advocate and attorney. A client who cannot rely upon his or her attorney's character cannot fully trust that attorney's expertise or judgment either. All lawyers thus have a stake in promoting more effective responses to sex-based harassment".

"This newly-updated and expanded Sex-Based Harassment, Second Edition manual provides an overview of the definition of sex-based harassment and the essential elements. It discusses how to formulate and implement harassment policies, how to respond to a complaint of sex-based harassment, and how to resolve such a complaint. Valuable appendices include a sample sex-based harassment policy and a selected bibliography".

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:

I. Introduction
The Definition and Prevalence of Sex-Based Harassment

The Causes and Costs of Sex-Based Harassment

Sex-Based Harassment and the Law

The Importance of Sex-Based Harassment Policies, Remedies, and Preventive Programs
II. Formulating and Implementing Harassment Policies
Drafting and Revising a Policy

Communicating and Implementing the Policy

Reviewing the Policy
III. Essential Elements of a Policy on Sex-Based Harassment
Policy Statement

Definition of Sex-Based Harassment

Identification of Individuals Covered Under the Policy

Consensual Relationships
IV. Responses to Complaints of Sex-Based Harassment
Reporting a Complaint

Protection Against Retaliation

Investigating a Complaint
V. Resolving the Complaint
Sanctions

False Accusations
VI. Maintaining Written Records of Complaints

VII. Education and Training

VIII. Conclusion

Appendix I - Sample Policy: Sex-Based Harassment

Appendix II - Selected Bibliography on Sex-Based Harassment

Posted On: September 14, 2007

Law, The Brain and DSM

David Badertscher

Usually four times a year I make a presentation to Psychiatric Fellows associated with our forensic psychiatric clinic. In these presentations I discuss updated reference sources including databases, and review with them various searching and other techniques useful in their research. When preparing for an upcoming session I noticed two items, one a small OP-ED article in the New York Times, and the other a review of a book published by Oxford University Press.

One book that is consulted repeatedly is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM, a respected reference source, currently in its fourth edition, prepared by the American Psychiatric Association. While this source is often relied upon without question, there is a concern among some that future editions may need to focus in a more precise way on issues such as symptoms and the linkage between diagnosis and treatment.

In her September 13, 2007 New York Times article, Sally Satel, a psychiatrist and resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute frames the issue in a concise, readable manner useful to lawyers, judges and others who depend on DSM IV as a basic resource. To quote Dr. Satel, “Why aren’t we closer to understanding the relationship between manifest illness and its underlying causes? One obstacle is the staggering complexity of the brain.”

This brings me to my second source. The latest issue of Jurimetrics includes a review by Stacey Tovino of the book, Law and the Brain, edited by Samir Zeki and Oliver Goodenough. It consists of a collection of fourteen essays that explore “a range of topics at the intersection of law and neurobiology” which focus on “special challenges raised by the neuroscience-policy interface”–these challenges flowing from the basic differences “ in the orientation of the brain and brain science on the one hand, and the law on the other.”

The final four essays in the book explore the implications of advances in neuroscience for criminal responsibility and publishment. In one essay, “For the Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing and Everything,” Joshua Greene and Jonathan Cohen “recommend shifting away from punishment aimed at retribution and moving towards ‘a more progressive, consequentalist approach to criminal law.” In the final essay “Responsibility and Punishment: Whose Mind? A Response” Oliver Goodenough “asks us to consider the law of responsibility from a unique perspective; that is, from the brain of the punisher, not the punishee.”

In their separate ways each of these sources, DSM and Law and the Brain, contribute significantly to an appreciation of the significance of relationships between psychiatry and the law, both applied and conceptual. .