H.R. 3389,Emergency Wildfire Fighting Act of 2023

As ordered reported by the House Committee on Natural Resources on June 13, 2023

Congressional Budget Office, Cost Estimate–August 10, 2023.


H.R. 3389 would require the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior to evaluate the system that uses airplanes to drop containers of water and other fire retardants on wildfires. The bill also would require those departments to report their results to the Congress within 120 days of enactment.

Using information from the affected agencies, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost a little more than $500,000 and round to $1 million in 2024; any spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.

Cost Estimate:

Text of H.R. 3389

To require the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, and the Secretary of the Interior to conduct an evaluation with respect to the use of the container aerial firefighting system (CAFFS), and for other purposes


Established in 1974, The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government.  It is charged with providing  members of Congress  objective  analysis of budgeting and economic issues to support the congressional budget process. Each year, CBO economists and budget analysts produce dozens of reports and hundreds of cost estimates for proposed legislation. This posting includes a summary of Director Swagel’s testimony, a link to the full text of the testimony, and a list of publications that relate to the testimony

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