March 11, 2008

Tammy Raum's Internet Research Tips - NY State Administrative Code's Print and Online Editions Contain Important Variations for Evidence!

Tammy Raum is:
Senior Research Librarian, New York City Law Dept. Library and may be contacted at:

Research Information for State Administrative Code: NYCRR and Litigation Protocol

Consultation of the complete unofficial New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR)

is now available on a complimentary basis on the New York State Department of State Website:
The announcement led me to inquire about the difference between the official and unofficial versions.

In submitting any excerpts into evidence in court, only the print copy is permitted, as it is the only format that can be certified by the Secretary of State.

The authority is from Executive Law Section 106, provided for clarification below. Fortunately for researchers there is a provision that all state agencies are mandated to link their websites back to the Secretary of State's website for consolidation, as a new feature as of 2008.


Executive Law Section 106. Proof of codes, rules and regulations.

Any code, rule or regulation of the state of New York may be read in evidence from the official compilation, or supplement thereto. To entitle any copy of a code, rule or regulation published, other than those published in such official compilation or supplement thereto, to be read in evidence there shall be contained in the same book or pamphlet a printed certificate of the secretary of state that such copy is a correct transcript of the text of the code, rule or regulation as published in such official compilation or supplement thereto. For such a certificate the secretary of state shall collect such a fee as he shall deem just and reasonable.

L. 1951, c.800

Executive Law Section 106-a. Internet access to the New York code, rules and regulations.

The department of state shall post or maintain a link on its website to an unofficial version of the New York code, rules and regulations, which shall be provided at no cost to the end users. All state agencies which have adopted rules and regulations shall maintain a link to the department of state website which contains such link.

L. 2007 c.407 Sec. 1 eff. Jan. 1, 2008

March 4, 2008

Tammy Raum's Internet Research Tips for Women's History Month, March 2008


March is Women's History Month, and a wealth of historical, social, political, and cultural knowledge is available on the internet. The following internet page of the NWHP (National Women's History Project) highlights notable achievements of outstanding women.

To really appreciate the nature and scope of Women's History Month one needs to become acquainted with the work of NWHP. Here are some pertinent excerpts from their web site:

"The NWHP is the catalyst, the content provider, the behind-the-scenes director of a myriad of activities promoting women as leaders and influential forces in our society. Over the past 25 years, the NWHP, founded in Santa Rosa, California, has established a nationwide presence as the number one resource for information and material about the unfolding roles of women in American history. The NWHP leads both local and national efforts, consults, publishes, distributes, inspires, advises, and networks with a wide variety of institutions and activists in the field."

"Every year in March, the NWHP coordinates observances of National Women’s History Month throughout the country. The NWHP originated this widely recognized celebration and sets the annual theme, produces educational materials, and chooses particular women to honor nationally for their work. Women’s History Month programs, community events, plays, essay contests, and related projects often have wide-ranging effects"

Here are some additional links which help clarify the significance of Women's History Month as well as the work of NWHP :

  •      About the NWHP

  •    Women's History Month

  •      News and Events

  • Resource Center
  • The following websites provide additional information related to Women's History Month and also address other related topics such as Women's Studies and and Women's Resources more generally:

    Women's Studies / Women's Issues Resource Sites: is a selective, annotated, highly acclaimed listing of web sites containing resources and information about women's studies / women's issues.

    If you're looking for sites on a specific women-focused topic, you may prefer to use the following subject sections rather than scroll through the all-inclusive alphabetical listing:

    Arts and Humanities (including History)
    Comprehensive, Multi-Disciplinary Sites
    Cyberculture and Internet Info
    Girls and Young Women
    Higher Education
    Women of Color

    There is also a link for listing of 700+ internet sites for Women's Studies Programs at: This website is maintained by Joan Korenman the Founding Director of the Center for Women and Information Technology, Professor Emerita of English, and Affiliate Professor Emerita of Women's Studies at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC).

    Last but certainly not least, Rutgers University Libraries has prepared an excellent selection of library and internet resources, including the following sample with noteworthy political links compiled by Natalie Borisovets. She is Head of Public Services at the John Cotton Dana Library at Rutgers.

    Basic Reference Finding Books: Library Catalogs Finding Articles: Indexes Newspapers Public Policy & Opinion Legislation Documentary Collections Image Collections Green Book Data

    *Tammy Raum, (Retired Law Library Director, JP Morgan Chase)
    (Senior Reference Librarian, NYC Law Dept. Library - part-time)